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   You are here: VOV  / Information Centre  / Restrictions on Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS Directive)
Restrictions on Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS Directive)            
Restrictions on Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS Directive)
The main objective of the RoHS Directive is the restriction of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, for the protection of human health and environmentally sound recovery and disposal of waste. The Directive applies to all equipment operating up to 1000 VAC and 1500 VDC and contained in a list of 8 categories including electric bulbs and luminaries in households. There are currently no restrictions on medical devices and control and monitoring equipment.
Equipment category
Large household appliances                                                                                                Lighting equipment
Small household appliances                                                                                     Electrical and electronic tools
IT and telecommunication equipment                                                                   Toys, leisure and sport equipment
Consumer equipment                                                                                                            Automatic dispensers

The use of the following substances is restricted or its application prohibited.
Substance Application
Lead(Pb) Solder, power cords, wired, plastics, component finish
Mercury (Hg) Switch, LCD monitor, relays, bulbs
Cadmium (Cd) Power cords, wires, contact points
Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) Surface treatment of enclosures
Polybrominated Biphenyl (PBB) Plastics, printed circuit boards
Polybrominated Diphenyl ether (PBDE) Plastics, rubber, printed circuit boards

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE Directive)
The main objectives of the WEEE Directive are the prevention of waste electrical and electronic equipment; promote the re-use recycling and other forms of recovery of used materials and components, and to improve the environmental performance of all operators (manufacturers, traders, treatment facilities) involved in the life cycle of products. The Directive covers all equipment operating up to 1000 VAC and 1500 VDC and contained in a list of 10 categories. The Directive specifies recovery, reuse and recycling targets in percentages (%) by average weight per appliance to be met by EU member states. Financing for collection, treatment, recovery and disposal is the responsibility of the producers of electrical and electronic equipment.
In cases where the producer is located outside the EU, the importer or distributor bears the responsibility for financing. By the end of 2006 member states must achieve a collection rate of 4 kg of WEEE per inhabitant.